空气弹簧有哪些种类？空气弹簧的分类在国内国外都不同，依照不同的标准分类也不同。下面大家就为大家科学普及一下子空气弹簧的分类，本篇将是周密的空气弹簧种类先容：空气弹簧具有良好的非线性硬尤其的性质，因而能够有效限制波幅，避开共振，防止冲击。空气弹簧隔振系统的本来就有频率可以预设得很低，甚至于达1Hz以下，而橡胶隔振器的自振频率一样为5-7Hz。所以空气弹簧的隔振效率比起其他隔振元件高得多，并且能够隔离低频振荡。尤其是由于空气弹簧隔振系统容易真的家人动控制，作为一种具有可调非线性静、动态刚度及阻尼尤其的性质的隔振元件，空气弹簧的应用越来越广泛。到现在截止国内、外对空气弹簧的分类方法很不统一，大致有下面所开列几种： What kinds of air springs are there?The classification of air springs is different at home and abroad, according to different standard classification is different.Below we will be all of a sudden scientific popularization of air spring classification, this paper will be a thorough air spring type introduction: air spring has a good nonlinear especially hard properties, so can effectively limit the amplitude, avoid resonance, prevent impact.The natural frequency of the air spring isolation system can be set very low, even up to 1Hz, while the natural frequency of the rubber isolator is 5-7hz.Therefore, the vibration isolation efficiency of the air spring is much higher than other vibration isolation elements, and can isolate low-frequency oscillation.Especially because the air spring vibration isolation system is easy to control, as a kind of vibration isolation element with adjustable nonlinear static, dynamic stiffness and damping characteristics, the application of air spring is more and more widely.Up to now, the classification methods of air springs at home and abroad are not unified. They are listed as follows:
(一)按橡胶囊的曲数分类：空气弹簧按橡胶囊的曲数分为单曲，双曲，三曲，……，n曲。随着曲数的增加，刚度变小，空气弹簧隔振系统的本来就有频率也相应减小。但这不止给制造上带来了麻烦，并且还会引起橡胶囊的弹性不稳，由于这个一样只运用到4曲。 (a) by the number of rubber bags music classification: air spring according to the number of rubber bags music is divided into single, hyperbolic, three songs,......, n.As the number of curves increases, the stiffness decreases, and the natural frequency of the air spring vibration isolation system decreases accordingly.But this not only caused manufacturing problems, but also caused the elastic instability of the rubber capsule, since this only applies to 4 curves.
(二)按结构型式分类： (ii) classification by structural type: 1.胶囊型空气弹簧：轮胎型、平模型、耳垂型。 1. Capsule type air spring: tire type, flat model, earlobe type. 2.我国的分类：空气弹簧：囊式空气弹簧、约束膜式空气弹簧、自由膜式空气弹簧、橡胶空气弹簧囊式空气弹簧：囊式空气弹簧是由橡胶膜制成的提灯形结构，可以是一段或由数段串接而成，告别名为单曲、双曲或多曲囊式空气弹簧。在各段之间镶有金属轮缘，借以承担内压拉力的作用。 2. The classification of our country: air spring: sac type air spring, constraints, membrane type air spring, free film type air spring, rubber air spring capsule type air spring: bladder type air spring is made of rubber membrane lantern shape structure, can be a concatenated or by several paragraphs, parting, single, hyperbolic or more song capsule type air spring.A metal rim is inserted between each section to assume the effect of internal pressure and tension.